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Literacy Advisor
Partners in Haiti
864-414-0875
haitiliteracy@gmail.com


Literacy, Retention, Completion in Schools

School costs and Family Income

Estimated annual tuition for a student

$100

Average costs for uniforms and materials yearly per child

$35

Median family incomes average per year

$240

Population living on less than $2 per day  

  $78

Factors Impacting Students' School Retention and Completion collected by UNICEF

Note: Much of the information needed for Haiti's profile has not been collected because it was not available. Progress in many areas listed below is, however, better than the statistical information available for the country as a whole. Students trying for the Baccalaureate degree in Cange are usually overwhelmingly are successful, but they are a small percentage of the resident age group who could qualify. S.C. Mansbach

Learning materials at home 2005-2012*, Children's books, total

-

Learning materials at home 2005-2012*, Children's books, poorest 20%

-

Learning materials at home 2005-2012*, Children's books, richest 20%

-

Learning materials at home 2005-2012*, Playthings ++, total

-

Learning materials at home 2005-2012*, Playthings ++, poorest 20%

-

Learning materials at home 2005-2012*, Playthings ++, richest 20%

-

Adult illiteracy % rate (highest in the Western Hemisphere)

55

Few compensatory or adult education classes for students dropping out

-


Youth (15-24 years) literacy rate (%) 2008-2012*, male

74.4

Youth (15-24 years) literacy rate (%) 2008-2012*, female

70.5

Number per 100 population 2012, mobile phones

59.4

Number per 100 population 2012, Internet users

10.9

Pre-primary school participation, Gross enrollment ratio (%) 2008 -2012*, male

Pre-primary school participation, Gross enrollment ratio (%) 2008 -2012*, female

Primary school participation, Gross enrollment ratio (%) 2008-2012*, male

Primary school participation, Gross enrollment ratio (%) 2008-2012*, female

Primary school participation, Net enrollment ratio (%) 2008-2012*, male

Primary school participation, Net enrollment ratio (%) 2008-2012*, female

Primary school participation, Net attendance ratio (%) 2008-2012*, male

76.7

Primary school participation, Net attendance ratio (%) 2008-2012*, female

77.7

Primary school participation, Survival rate to last primary grade (%), 2008-2012*, admin. data

Primary school participation, Survival rate to last primary grade (%), 2008-2012*, survey data

85.1

Secondary school participation, Net enrollment ratio (%) 2008-2012*, male

Secondary school participation, Net enrollment ratio (%) 2008-2012*, female

Secondary school participation, Net attendance ratio (%) 2008-2012*, male

21.6

Secondary school participation, Net attendance ratio (%) 2008-2012*, female

29.1

*Data not available

_

Source: www.unicef.org/infobycountry/haiti_statistics.html

UNICEF Haiti Home page (translated from French) www.unicef.org/haiti/french/education.html

The Haitian education system still faces enormous challenges despite the significant jump in the school enrollment level (77% in 2012, EMMUS V, versus 50% in 2005, according EMMUS 4) the free and compulsory universal education program (PSUGO) the high demand for education and support of the international community.

Access is still limited because the quality and governance is a major challenge. Among other factors that led to this situation include budget constraints resulting in a very limited public investment in the sector (around 10% of the average budget), the massive poverty of more than 70% of the population, inadequate legislation, unfavorable social norms and practices, recurrent crises such as natural disasters (including the earthquake of 12 January 2010), as well as the very limited organizational and management capacity of the Ministry of Education.

The latest school census (2011) shows that only 20% of educational provision comes from the public sector, the rest is in the hands of non-public sector, mostly managed without regulation and operating below minimum quality standards. Despite its proven importance, access to activities targeting young children (0-5 years) remains very limited (67% of gross enrollment rate in preschool 3-5 years, MENFP 2011). The low quality is reflected in particular by means repetition rates of 15% and the dropout rate around 13%. Combined with late entries, these factors increase the proportion of over-age children in primary school (65%). Note that the survival rate to grade 5 are low (25%). This concern is due in large part to the high proportion of unqualified teachers (over 65%), adverse learning conditions, and lack of enforcement of norms and standards that can ensure a quality education. Among the most affected by limited access children and the lack of quality include those in rural areas, those from poor families in the slums of large urban centers, children separated from their families (residential centers, children domestic service, street children), children with disabilities and displaced children.

For UNICEF, the main challenges are:

How UNICEF is involved: